Rose Essential Oil Damascena – Rosa damascena – is distilled from the petals of the Demascena rose growing in plantations on the gentle slopes of the central Bulgarian countryside. The roses are individually selected and hand picked by the local gypsies at 5am in the morning whilst still covered in dew. They walk through the rows and select the ripe blooms, critical to the quality of Rose Essential Oil Damascena.
The distillation of rose petals is a complex and delicate process. Because the petals contain very little essential oil (about 0.02%), it takes an average of 60,000 roses to produce one ounce of oil and 10,000 kilograms of rose blossoms to produce one kilogram of oil. With such a delicate, valuable oil, maintaining highly-controlled conditions for distillation is crucial. Additionally, while the essential oil of most plants can be steam-distilled through passing steam over the plant material, rose petals tend to stick together under steam and form a compact mass. Consequently, the best distillation method for rose essential oil extraction is hydro distillation (Tucker, source, 2014).
Initially, the fresh rose petals are hydrodistilled and the rose oil and water are collected together. The remaining rosewater, known as rose hydrosol or hydrolat, is then redistilled. The additional oil obtained from this second distillation is rose water oil. The rose essential oil from the first distillation and the rose water oil are then combined to produce the final rose essential oil. The rose oil is then placed into clear glass containers and exposed to sunlight for a short period of time. The sunlight acts to raise any impurities to the surface, which are skimmed from the top, leaving behind only the high-quality rose otto. Typically, this final oil is composed of approximately 75% water oil and 25% direct oil (Guenther, E. (1952) The Essential Oils. London: Macmillan).
Keep your oil in a protected place under 30c and out of the reach of children. Do not ingest.
If you are a Leo, you are more likely to be attracted to Rose essential oil. And Rose is attracted to the Heart Chakra and Sacral Chakra